Bambaataa, former leader of the Black Spades gang, also did much to further popularize the term.
The Bronx hip hop scene emerged in the mid-1970s from neighborhood block parties thrown by the Ghetto Brothers, a Puerto Rican group that has been described as being a gang, a club, and a music group.
Members of the scene plugged in the amplifiers for their instruments and PA speakers into the lampposts on 163rd Street and Prospect Avenue and used their live music events to break down racial barriers between African-Americans, Puerto Ricans, Whites and other ethnic groups.
Cowboy later worked the "hip hop" cadence into his stage performance.
The group frequently performed with disco artists who would refer to this new type of music by calling them "hip hoppers".
It is also argued as to whether hip hop started in the South or West Bronx.